gsnj-nj-state-censuses

New Jersey State Censuses, 1855–1915

New Jersey’s state census was conducted, as many state censuses were, in the “five-years” between the Federal enumerations and can be a rich resource for family researchers. Every ten years, from 1855 to 1915, the censuses were conducted and returns filed at the county level, and later, sent directly to Trenton. While there are some gaps in the records, the 1885 and 1895 censuses are nearly complete, and can be of particular help as a substitute for the 1890 Federal census—most of which was lost to fire.

In the past few years, FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com have been digitizing the microfilm and creating indexes for New Jersey’s State Censuses—making them more accessible to researchers. Following is a list of resources, including links to the online indexes for digitized schedules.

New Jersey State Censuses on Microfilm at the New Jersey State Archives

All census records are available on microfilm in the Research Room at the New Jersey State Archives (NJSA), 225 State Street, 2nd Floor, Trenton, NJ. (Free visitor parking is available at the State House garage. Small per-page copying fee.)

Ordering Copies of State Census Pages through the New Jersey State Archives

The NJSA has indexes only for 1885, Atlantic and Passaic Counties. Begin by using the searchable database. If you find an index entry of interest, you may order a copy of the census page for $5 per page (copies created from the microfilm) by adding the index record to your cart.

Alternatively, you may also consider hiring a local researcher who are available to do on-site lookups at the NJSA—for the State Censuses as well as across all available vital records and other record groups. Researchers may charge per lookup, or if you have a number of items to lookup, by the hour.

The New Jersey State Archives hold the majority of the original census schedules and, to best preserve the originals, access is limited. Researchers are instructed to use the microfilm for research.

New Jersey State Censuses at Other Repositories

Microfilm may also be available through genealogical libraries including the Family History Library (FHL), Salt Lake City, UT. Film may also be ordered from the FHL for delivery to a local Family History Center.

Ancestry.com has indexed and digitized the entire 1895 New Jersey State Census.

Some digitized census images may be accessible via FamilySearch only when using the site within the Family History Library or a local Family History Center. FamilySearch is a free website but registration may be required. Find your local Family History Center.


New Jersey State Censuses, 1855–1915—Online Resources

Compiled by Michelle Tucker Chubenko, Jersey Roots Genealogy (www.jerseyrootsgenealogy.com). Published by the Genealogical Society of New Jersey.

Michelle Tucker Chubenko is a researcher with Legacy Tree Genealogists. She specializes in New Jersey and Eastern European research, and lectures at local, regional and national genealogy conferences. Follow her blog at jerseyrootsgenealogy.wordpress.com for the latest news in New Jersey genealogy. An article authored by Chubenko about the New Jersey State Censuses, “The State of the Census: New Jersey, 1855–1915,” appears in the Fall 2016 issue of the GSNJ Newsletter (a GSNJ Member benefit). This article details the information recorded on the schedules and includes a copy of the following table.

pdfGuide to Searchable Indexes to the New Jersey State Censuses, 1855–1915 (PDF Download)

Download a PDF version of this guide containing live links through to the searchable online indexes at the New Jersey State Archives, FamilySearch.org, and Ancestry.com.


Online Indexes and Digitized Microfilm*

(See following table for a county-by-county breakdown of extant records)

1855 NJ State Census

Extant records for counties listed below (FamilySearch; index or browse digital microfilm*)
https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2469955

1865 NJ State Census

Extant records for counties listed below (FamilySearch; index or browse digital microfilm*)
https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2475024

1885 NJ State Census

Atlantic and Passaic Counties, only (New Jersey State Archives; name index, order copies from the NJSA or view microfilm in person at the NJSA or other respository)
https://wwwnet1.state.nj.us/DOS/Admin/ArchivesDBPortal/Census1885.aspx

Extant records for counties listed below (FamilySearch; index or browse digital microfilm*)
https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1803972

1895 NJ State Census

All counties, index and images (Ancestry, subscription required or access for free at many local libraries; index or browse digital microfilm)
http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1054

1905 NJ State Census

All counties, index only (FamilySearch; index or browse digital microfilm*)
https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1928107

1915 NJ State Census

All counties, index only (FamilySearch; index or browse digital microfilm*)
https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2061544

* Note on FamilySearch Digital Microfilm:

Some digitized census images may be accessible via FamilySearch only when using the site within the Family History Library or a local Family History Center. FamilySearch is a free website but registration may be required. Find your local Family History Center.


County-by-County New Jersey State Census Availability

Table Key

Population Schedules

P (HoH-N) = Population; mainly Head-of-Households named
P (EP-N) = Population; Every-Person format, Named
P (EP-N-D) = Population; Every-Person format, Named, with Details

Special Schedules (1875 Only)

A = Agricultural
C = Commercial
Mf = Manufacturing
Mn = Mining
M (B/D) = Mortality, Birth/Death

Note: New Jersey State population censuses did not ask for relationships in a household.

County 1 June 1855 1 June 1865 1 June 1875 15 May 1885 15 May 1895 1 June 1905 1 June 1915
Atlantic P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
NJSA
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Bergen P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Burlington P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Camden P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Cape May P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Cumberland P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Essex P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
[Only Newark
7th Ward]
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D);
A; C; Mf; Mn
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Gloucester  P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Hudson P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
[Harrison Twp. only; copy of 1860 US Census]
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Hunterdon P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D);
A; C; Mf; Mn
Originals at
the Hunterdon Co. Historical Society
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Mercer P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Middlesex P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
[New Brunswick, North Brunswick, + Piscataway only]
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Monmouth P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D);
A; C; Mf; Mn; M (B/D)
Originals at the Monmouth County Archives
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Morris P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Ocean P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Passaic P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
NJSA
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Salem P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Somerset P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Sussex P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D);
A; C; Mf; Mn
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Union [N/A, County formed in 1857 from portions of Essex County] P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
Warren P (HoH-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N)
Ancestry
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch
P (EP-N-D)
FamilySearch

 


Additional Resources

Chances are the town you know today is not the same as what it was called in the 1855 state census. This guide, published by the State of New Jersey and available for free, contains an indispensable gazetteer for early New Jersey municipalities.

pdf

John F. Snyder, The Story of New Jersey’s Civil Boundaries 1608–1968 (PDF Download)